Elfriede Hermann, «Communicating with Transculturation», Le Journal de la Société des Océanistes by the Cuban sociologist Fernando Ortiz ([]. ) . Fernando Ort z on the Phases of Transculturation, from a speech made in Abstract. MARRERO LEON, Erelis. Transculturation and cultural studies. A brief approach to Fernando Ortiz’ thinking. Tabula Rasa [online]. , n

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Processes of transculturation become more complex within the context of globalizationgiven the multiple layers of abstraction that permeate everyday experiences. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

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The people are told that the Negro is subhuman and bestial. Some intellectuals, such as Michael Ignatieffargue that convergence of a general culture does not directly entail a transcluturation convergence in ethnic identities. The mixed blood is made white, by law or through wealth or ancestry; but his fernandp is a constant frustration aggravated by ceaseless pretense. Bioculture Cross-cultural studies Cross-cultural communication Cross-cultural leadership Cross-cultural psychiatry Cross-cultural psychology Cultural analytics Cultural economics Cultural entomology Cultural history Cultural mapping Cultural mediation Cultural psychology Cultural values Culturomics Intercultural learning Intercultural relations Internet culture Philosophy of culture Popular culture studies Semiotics of culture Sociology of culture Sound culture Theology ferhando culture Transcultural nursing.

All this occurs even in the nineteenth century. I have sensed them in my own experience in social contacts with my colored fellow-citizens during the whole forty years of my Afro-Cuban studies-from hostility and suspicion through tolerance to cooperation.

The colored man is with all dignity recovering control of his fegnando fate and attaining self-respect. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. However, religion does not neatly correspond with ethnic identity.

He is an exemplary model of postcolonial agency and accomplishment. Sociologists have observed them in every continent. These stages in inter-racial relations are not peculiarly Cuban. In the modern context, orhiz conflicts and resolutions are amplified by communication and transportation technology—the ancient tendency of cultures drifting or remaining apart has been replaced by stronger forces for bringing societies together.

Often, history shows us, the processes of co-existence begins with hostilities, and with the natural passing of polarist individuals, comes the passing of their polarist sentiments, and soon some resolution is achieved.


Then it is alleged that the black race is accursed; “Noah spoke the original malediction,” say the theologians.

Fernando Ortíz on the Phases of Transculturation

English, for example, is spoken by more non-Anglo-American people than Anglo-Americans, making it the current lingua-francathe worldwide de facto standard international language. The white man attacks the black in order to snatch him from his land and enslave him by force. Acculturation Cultural appropriation Cultural area Cultural artifact Cultural baggage Cultural behavior Cultural bias Cultural capital Cross-cultural Cultural communication Cultural conflict Cultural cringe Cultural dissonance Cultural emphasis Cultural framework Cultural heritage Cultural icon Cultural identity Cultural industry Cultural invention Cultural landscape Cultural learning Cultural leveling Cultural memory Cultural pluralism Cultural practice Cultural property Cultural reproduction Cultural system Cultural technology Cultural universal Cultureme Enculturation High- and low-context cultures Interculturality Manuscript culture Material culture Non-material culture Organizational culture Print culture Protoculture Safety culture Technoculture Trans-cultural diffusion Transculturation Visual culture.

Nor are these stages inevitable phases which all persons of various, and even opposing ethnic groups, are forced to undergo.

This is tomorrow’s phase, the last phase, where cultures fuse and conflict ceases, giving way to a tertium quid, a third entity and culture and to a new society culturally integrated, where mere racial factors have lost their dissociating power.

Mutual respect and inter-racial cooperation are increasing although there are still some remnants of transculturstion prejudices and the burden of economic discrimination is still heavy. The white, with or without the slave system, exploits the black who, powerless against force, defends himself with his shrewdness and makes clever adjustments based on his mistrust of the white.

This article is written like a personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay that states a Wikipedia editor’s personal feelings or presents an original argument about a topic.

It argues that Ortiz ranks among the most important theorists of the postcolonial condition.


We now ferhando at the fourth phase-that of self-assertion. Second is customwhich may overlap religion. The primary issue; languagehence, communication and education can be overcome within a single generation—as is evident in the easy acclimation of children of foreign parents.

Publications Pages Publications Pages. The general processes of transculturation are extremely complex—steered by powerful forces at the macrosocial level, yet ultimately resolved at the interpersonal level.

Thus, conforming to the “ethnic integrity” of the region. There are many other examples of the essential significance of language. The third phase constitutes a period of adjustment. Degrees of hostile conflict vary from outright genocidal conquest, to lukewarm infighting between differing political views within the same ethnic community.


In Cuba we are at last on the road to mutual understanding in spite of prejudices that have not been eradicated and are even aggravated today by foreign political ideologies whose principal exponent is Hitler with all his brutal race theories. But gradually, as social anthropology probes deeper into the question, the four phases of the process of transculturation are properly observed.

Cultural anthropology Cultural astronomy Cultural ecology Cultural geography Cultural neuroscience Cultural studies Culturology Culture theory Neuroculture. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. There still remains a fifth phase that we must reach some day-the phase of integration. Religionor belief, is the prime ethnocentric divider. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. In voicing the Gap in Mia Couto Index. With the adherence to each distinct component, comes the repulsion of the other.

The dominant white tolerates these people, their conventional whitewashings, accepts their cooperation when this is advantageous to him, and is even lenient towards marriages of convenience. He no longer disowns his race or his blood and he is not ashamed of the traditions or of the surviving values of his ancestral culture. Rather, it merges these concepts and additionally carries the idea of the consequent creation of new cultural phenomena neoculturation.

In the other general sense, transculturation is one aspect of global phenomena and human events. The words “Negro” and “mulatto” are no longer taboo. Only a small minority has reached it thus far.

A dark grandmother or mother leads an unhappy “back door” existence, in order that her presence may not cause harm to her descendants who in turn live in a state of constant and exhausting inhibition.

This chapter highlights the signal importance of Fernando Ortiz’s work to the discipline of ethnography and politics. Classical, Early, transculturwtion Medieval Poetry and Poets: Transculturation can often be the result of colonial conquest and subjugation, especially in a postcolonial era as native peoples struggle to regain their own sense of identity.