Preferred Scientific Name; Crassocephalum crepidioides. Preferred Common Name; redflower ragleaf. Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota. Crassocephalum crepidioides is a PERENNIAL growing to m (2ft 7in) by m (1ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) Suitable for: light (sandy) and. Flowering class: Dicot Habit: Herb Distribution notes: Exotic.

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Other common names are ebolo, redflower rag leaf, thickhead, and fireweed. Okinawa Spinach, Crassocephalum crepidioides, is a tropical, upright, annual herb with thick and soft stem and alternate leaves. Its flowers are yellow and reddish and fruits are dark brown with long silky hairs at the end. It is commonly found in Papua New Guinea and in many cgepidioides tropical countries. The leaves are used for indigestion, headaches, fresh wounds, nose bleeding, and sleeping sickness.

The roots are used in the treatment of swollen lips. Aside from the medicinal uses, the leaves are also edible either raw or cooked. It is used as a vegetable. The roots are eaten with chilli sauce in Thailand.

Crassocephalum diversifolium Hiern Gynura crepidioides Benth. A commercially cultivated vegetable.

Crassocephalum crepidioides Images – Useful Tropical Plants

Leaves – raw or cooked. A distinctive, pine-like flavour[ ]. The leaves are fleshy, somewhat mucilaginous with a nutty flavour[ ]. The tender and succulent leaves and stems of ebolo are mucilaginous and are used as a vegetable in soups and stews, especially in West and Central Africa[ ].

India Biodiversity Portal

It is much appreciated for its special flavour, which is sharp but not bitter[ ]. It is especially popular in south-western Nigeria. Here the leaves are lightly blanched, excess water is drained off, and the leaves are then cooked with peppers, onions, tomatoes, melon and sometimes fish or meat to make soups and stews[ ]. In Sierra Leone the leaves are also popular and are made into a sauce with groundnut paste[ ]. In Australia it is eaten as a salad green, either cooked or raw[ ]. Roots – eaten with chilli sauce in Thailand[ ].


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

The leaves are used to treat indigestion[ ].

The leaf sap is given to crasscephalum upset stomach[ ]. A leaf lotion or decoction is used to treat headaches[ ]. A mixture of the leaf sap, combined with Cymbopogon giganteus, is used orally and externally for the treatment of epilepsy[ ].

Crepidkoides externally, the leaf sap is used as a treatment for fresh wounds[ ]. The dried leaf powder is applied as a snuff to stop nose crelidioides and smoked to treat sleeping sickness[ ].

Tannin found in the roots of the plant is used to treat swollen lips[ ]. Crassocephalum crepidioides has been used successfully as a trap plant to collect adult corm weevils in banana plantations. Grows well in soils that are rich in organic matter[ ]. An easy to grow vegetable, especially suited to shady localities in home gardens and tree plantations[ ].

Often cultivated as crepisioides food crop in the tropics, the plant has light, plumed seeds that are easily distributed by the wind. It has escaped from cultivation in many areas and become an invasive weed in some places[ ].

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Other common names are ebolo, redflower rag leaf, thickhead, and fireweed, Okinawa Spinach, Crassocephalum crepidioides. Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Classified as one of the most crepiduoides weeds occurring in tropical and subtropical regions in the Global Compendium of Weeds.

This taxon has not yet crepidjoides assessed. For a list of references used on this page please go here A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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Range Through most of tropical Africa, it has become naturalised in many other parts of the Tropics. You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box. It is hardy to zone UK It can grow in full shade deep woodland semi-shade light woodland or no shade. It prefers moist soil. QR Code What’s this?

Factsheet – Crassocephalum crepidioides

Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified but some can. Please view the copyright link for more information. Okinawa Spinach, Redflower Ragleaf, Fireweed. A weed in abandoned farm land, waste places, plantations and crqssocephalum gardens[ ]. Through most of tropical Africa, it has become naturalised in many other parts of the Tropics.