Some Nigerian males across various geographic and socioeconomic strata employ the use of herbals such as Cissus populnea extracts. Cissus populnea (Guill & Perr): A Study of the Aqueous Extract as Potential Spermatogenic Enhancers in Male Wistar Rats. Anthony B. Ojekale, Oladipupo A . Cissus populnea Guill. & Perr. [family VITACEAE]. Herbarium. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (K). Collection. Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa. Resource Type.

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The extraction was carried out as earlier reported [ 2 ]. The Journal of urology, Support Center Support Center. Results The thin layer chromatographic analysis revealed the anthraquinone extracts to contain physcion and chrysaphanol Table 1. Ojekale 1, Oladipupo A. Appropriate dilutions of the extract were oxidized with 2. The tendencies of electron or hydrogen donation are critical factors in characterizing antioxidant activity that involves cissis radical scavenging [ 43 ].

West African Plants

A dilution ratio of 1: R f retardation factor Solvent system: Sperm morphology was assessed from slides prepared with one drop from the original sperm suspension. Sample Collection Fresh samples of stem bark of Cissus populnea were purchased in a local market, in Akure metropolis, Nigeria.

Journal of Plant Sciences, These antioxidants are polyphenolic compounds, which are found in all plants and in all parts of the plants tree bark, stalks, leaves, fruits, roots, flowers, pods, and seeds [ 6 ]. DPPH is a free radical donor that accepts an electron or hydrogen to become a stable diamagnetic cissux [ 42 ]. The animals were fed daily with commercial rat feed and water ad libitum.


The water extractible phytochemicals from C.

West African Plants – A Photo Guide – Cissus populnea Guill. & Perr.

Sertoli cells support all cells of the germ series as they pass through the various stages of development from primordial spermatogonia to fully differentiated free spermatozoa. International journal of fertility, Evidence has shown that cissjs damaging events are caused by free radicals [ 1 ].

The inability of a man to either have full penetrative sex or impregnate the. Determination of Total Flavonoid Content The total flavonoid content of the sample was determined using a slightly modified method reported by Meda et al. The administration of aqueous extract of C.

One of the byproducts of lipid peroxidation is malondialdehyde, this byproduct has been used in various biochemical assays to monitor the degree of peroxidative damage sustained by spermatozoa [ 3536 ].

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Trease and Evan’s Pharmacognosy. The elevation in motility and proportion of normal sperm cells was not significant.

Endogenous antioxidants in plants may play an important role in antioxidative defense against oxidative damage [ 4 ], possibly preserving the biological functions of cells [ 5 ]. The microscopic field was scanned systematically, and spermatozoa encountered were assessed as motile or non-motile.

Testicular histology shows better packed spermatozoa in group ppoulnea rats treated with Cissus populnea. The inability of a man to either have full penetrative sex or impregnate the opposite gender due to erectile dysfunction or infertility is becoming quite a common feature, and has been on the increase for some time now [] [ 2 ]. The plant extract reportedly ameliorated testicular damage induced by flutamide in pre-pubertal rats [ 40 ].


Abstract Cissus populnea has been used locally to treat many ailments such as venereal, stomach and skin infections; and also used as laxative or purgative.

Hutchinson J, Dalziel J M.

Foods of plant origin usually contain natural antioxidants that can scavenge free radicals [ 6 ]. There are quite a number of herbals presently available and commercially sold in the public domain in Nigeria which the manufacturers claim to enhance both libido and spermatogenesis. Introduction Infertility is a major clinical problem, affecting people medically and psychosocially. In continuation of our studies on the aqueous extract of C.

Animals administered with Addyzoa Commercially available polyherbal formulation.

Anthraquinones of Cissus Populnea Guill & Perr (Amplidaceae)

The animals were fed with commercial rat feed Nemeith livestock feeds Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. View at Google Scholar T.

Total phenolic, flavonoid, and vitamin C content of stem bark of Cissus populnea stem bark. The absence of tannins was tested with lead subacetate.