Cardiobacterium hominis is a slow-growing, fastidious, capnophilic, Gram- negative bacillus represented by the “C” in HACEK, an acronym for. Cardiobacterium hominis is a member of the HACEK group (Haemophilus paraphrophilus, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, Aggregatibacter. Cardiobacterium hominis, a microaerophilic, pleomorphic gram-negative bacillus , is one of the AACEK organisms. C. hominis is a component of the normal flora.

Author: Mucage Mikadal
Country: Greece
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Business
Published (Last): 25 February 2013
Pages: 427
PDF File Size: 7.94 Mb
ePub File Size: 13.24 Mb
ISBN: 611-5-92544-257-2
Downloads: 4346
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kajigar

Embolization from a valvular vegetation was the presumed cause of these symptoms Create a free personal account to download free article PDFs, sign up for alerts, customize your interests, and more.

The combination of ampicillin and gentamicin can be considered as an alternative There are several factors thought to predispose patients to C hominis endocarditis. Clin Infect Dis ; The major limitations of our review are the small number of cases reported in the English-language literature and the difficulty in deriving conclusions from case reports publication cardilbacterium.

Review of microbiologic and clinical features.

There was a problem providing the content you requested

Influence of referral bias on the apparent clinical spectrum of infective endocarditis. Protrahierter verlauf einer Cardiobacterium hominis -endokarditis [A protracted course in Cardiobacterium hominis endocarditis].

Ann Biol Clin Paris ; Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Prosthetic valve endocarditis due to Cardiobacterium hominis occurring after upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Cardiobacterium hominis endocarditis manifesting as bacterial meningitis. Open in a separate window.

Cardiobacterium hominis endocarditis: A case report and review of the literature

The patient was febrile, with a temperature of Two holes were observed in the aortic valve noted to be quadricuspidwhich was also replaced. Embolism has been responsible for atypical presentations of C hominis endocarditis.


Antibacterial efficacy of ciprofloxacin in a case of endocarditis due to Cardiobacterium hominis. Two cases lacked sufficient clinical data for analysis [ 643 ]. Slotnick and Dougherty 36 subsequently proposed the name C hominis in Table 1 summarizes representative susceptibilities of several strains to a range of antibiotics Table 7 Cases of prosthetic valve endocarditis due to C.

Endocarditis caused by a Pasteurella -like organism; report of four cases. The endpoints are similar for other causes of endocarditis. Gentamicin alone for 6 weeks has been reported to be successful 5.

A total of 61 English-language cases were identified from 48 manuscripts [ 13 – 49 ]. Late aortic homograft endocarditis caused by Cardiobacterium hominis: Antibacterial efficacy of ciprofloxacin in a case of endocarditis due to Cardiobacterium hominis.

Future multicenter cardiobafterium, like the International Collaboration of Endocarditis cohort, are needed to help further describe C. He was asymptomatic at a one-year follow-up visit. J Clin Microbiol ; Report of one case and review of the literature. Use of corticosteroids in glomerulonephritis related to infective endocarditis: A more profound degree of leukocytosis has been infrequently described in cases where the patient was acutely ill on presentation 2.

Wong and Chan 11 described a year-old man who presented with neurological signs and symptoms, including transient vertiginous attacks, intermittent vertical diplopia, slurring of speech, left-sided weakness face, arm and left incomplete cardiobacterlum hemianopia. Support Center Support Center.

Almost all isolates have been susceptible to penicillins, cephalosporins, tetracyclines, chloram-phenicol, and aminoglycosides. He had a four-day history of flu-like symptoms, including myalgias, and a two-day history of increasing dyspnea, orthopnea, slight chest pressure and fever.


Cardiobacterium hominis endocarditis: two cases and a review of the literature

The isolate described in the first of these two cases 20 was reported to be resistant to cefotaxime in addition to penicillin, although the criteria used to determine resistance were unclear.

Botha P, Venter M. The patient was discharged home after 22 days in hospital and continued therapy with intravenous antibiotics to complete a four-week course.

Rickettsia rickettsii Rocky Mountain spotted fever Rickettsia conorii Boutonneuse fever Rickettsia japonica Japanese spotted fever Rickettsia sibirica North Asian tick typhus Rickettsia australis Queensland tick typhus Rickettsia honei Flinders Island spotted fever Rickettsia africae African tick bite fever Rickettsia parkeri American tick bite fever Rickettsia aeschlimannii Rickettsia aeschlimannii infection.

In three patients, blood cultures yielded no organisms, but a definite diagnosis of endocarditis was established by culture of the valve at surgery [ 42 ] or by PCR genome amplification on either the resected valve [ 32 cardiobacteriuj or an arterial embolus [ 49 ]. TEE confirmed these findings and further revealed echodense thickenings on all prosthetic valve leaflets along with a mobile echodensity on the left ventricular side of the valve.

Introduction InTucker et al. Arch Intern Med ; Sign in to save your search Sign in to your personal account.